盈彩值得信任 近五年高考英语语法填空词性转换总结,你离学霸就差这篇,快收藏

2020-01-10 12:20:44 4071次浏览

导读:   词性转换一直以来都是高考英语语法填空的必考点。今天小编将近五年高考题中语法填空题涉及的词性转换题整理出来,再对高考的词性转换进行分类总结,最后就派生词的前缀和后缀进行分类讲解,希望可以为同学们解答这一类题型助力。

盈彩值得信任 近五年高考英语语法填空词性转换总结,你离学霸就差这篇,快收藏



▲ 2019 年

2019 全国 i 卷

it is difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the range has been ___62___ (poor) studied.

in recent years some inuit people in nunavut have reported increases in bear sightings around human settlements, leading to a ___66___ (believe) that populations are increasing.

2019 全国 ii 卷

her years of hard work have ___63___ (final) been acknowledged after a customer nominated (提名) her to be cheshire's woman of the year.

we are so proud of her. it's ___70___(wonder).

2019 全国 iii 卷

when they were free from work, they invited us to local events and let us know of an interesting ___66___ (compete) to watch, together with the story behind it. they also shared with us many ___67___ (tradition) stories about hawaii that were ___68___ (huge) popular with tourists.

2019 浙江

when the children are walking or cycling to school on dark mornings, car drivers can ___60___ (easy) see them.

other american studies showed no ___64___ (connect) between uniforms and school performance.

school uniforms are ___65___ (tradition) in britain, but some schools are starting to get rid of them.

2019 北京

students should have a proper attitude towards college before thinking about which college to attend, and it's never too early to make necessary preparations for a healthy and ___10___ (meaning) college experience.

▲ 2018 年

2018 全国 i 卷

to avoid knee pain, you can run on soft surfaces, do exercises to ___68___ (strength) your leg muscles (肌肉), avoid hills and get good running shoes. running is cheap, easy and it's always ___69___ (energy).

2018 全国 ii 卷

a taste for meat is ___63___ (actual) behind the change: an important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle.

this switch has decreased ___66___ (pollute) in the country's major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people.

according to the world bank, china accounts for about 30 percent of total ___67___ (globe) fertilizer consumption.

2018 全国 iii 卷

my name is mireya mayor. i'm a ___66___ (science) who studies animals such as apes and monkeys.

2018 浙江卷

the obvious one is money; eating out once or twice a week may be ___62___ (afford) but doing this most days adds up.

researchers have found that there is a direct link between the increase in food eaten outside the home and the rise in ___64___ (weigh) problems.

▲ 2017 年

2017 全国 i 卷

having enough fat and salt in your meals will reduce the urge to snack (吃点心) between meals and will improve the taste of your food. however, be ___69___ (care) not to go to extremes.

2017 全国 ii 卷

steam engines were used to pull the carriages and it must have been ___66___ (fair) unpleasant for the passengers, with all the smoke and noise.

this development was only possible with the ___69___ (introduce) of electric-powered engines and lifts. the central london railway was one of the most ___70___ (success) of these new lines, and was opened in 1900.

2017 全国 iii 卷

she is determined to carry on with her ___66___ (educate).

i don't want to get too absorbed in modeling. it is ___70___ (certain) fun but the lifestyle is a little unreal.

2017 浙江卷

but something made her look closer, and she noticed a ___57___ (shine) object.

▲ 2016 年

2016 全国 i 卷

chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, asia's biggest building, and fancy new hotels. but for tourists like me, pandas are its top ___61___ (attract).

the title will be ___63___ (official) given to me at a ceremony in london.

2016 全国 ii 卷

if you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别) those of greater and less importance. then, handle the most important tasks first so you'll feel a real sense of ___42___ (achieve).

recent studies show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks ___47___ (regular).

2016 全国 iii 卷

food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which ___46___ (gradual) turned into chopsticks. some people think that the great chinese scholar confucius, who lived from roughly 551 to 479 b.c. influenced the ___48___ (develop) of chopsticks.

▲ 2015 年

2015 全国 i 卷

abercrombie & kent, a travel company in hong kong, says it ___69___ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people living in shanghai and hong kong.

2015 全国 ii 卷

in addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their ___63___ (able) to "air condition" a house without using electric equipment.

walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat ___65___(slow) during cool nights.

as ___69___ (nature) architects, the pueblo indians figured out exactly how thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.



01 后缀


副词后缀 -ly:absolutely, completely, exactly, extremely, frequently, obviously, particularly, similarly, suddenly


-able / -ible:reasonable, flexible, reliable, valuable, accessible, considerable

-ive:effective, sensitive, attractive, impressive

-al / -ial:practical, beneficial, financial, facial, mental, personal

-ate:considerate, fortunate

-ful:powerful, successful, wonderful, fearful, respectful, skillful, thoughtful, shameful

-ly:likely, lively, lonely, deadly, elderly, hourly, yearly, daily

-ent:confident, convenient, independent, different, violent

-less:countless, homeless, useless, breathless, effortless, selfless

-y:guilty, healthy, hungry, sleepy, tasty, thirsty, wealthy, worthy, dusty

-ic:energetic, scientific, fantastic

-ary / -ory:contradictory, documentary, imaginary

-ous:obvious, various, adventurous, ambitious, courageous, disastrous, mountainous


-ity / -ty / -y:curiosity, responsibility, safety, security, similarity, necessity

-ance / -ence:appearance, performance, acceptance, confidence, preference, significance

-sion / -tion:contribution, decision, impression, admission, concentration, discussion, donation

-th:strength, depth, growth, length, warmth, width

-ment:achievement, treatment, amusement, arrangement, excitement, improvement

-ure / -ture / -ature:failure, pressure, exposure, mixture, signature

-ing:building, suffering, understanding, warning

-al:approval, arrival, survival

-cy:accuracy, fluency, frequency, privacy

-ness:awareness, coldness, weakness


-ate:concentrate, accelerate, advocate, regulate

-(e)n:broaden, fasten, frighten, sharpen, strengthen, darken, deepen, harden, lengthen

-(i)fy:satisfy, clarify, classify, identify, qualify, simplify, terrify

-ize / -ise:apologize, organize, realize, recognize


-ar / -er / -or:conductor, director, engineer, beggar, employer, instructor, interviewer, lawyer, liar

-ist:artist, novelist, specialist, tourist, pianist, scientist, violinist

-ant :accountant, assistant, servant

02 前缀

anti- 反对,对抗;相反;防(止):anti-aging, anti-anxiety, anti-virus, antifreeze

dis- 不,否定,相反:disadvantage, discourage, dishonest, dislike, disorder

il- / im- / in- / ir- 不,非,无:illegal, impatient, impossible, inexpensive, immoral, inconvenient, irregular

mis- 错误的;坏的;不,相反:misfortune, misunderstand, mislead, mistrust

non- 无,不,非:nonprofit, nonsense, nonsmoking, nonstop, non-recycling

un- 不;表示相反的动作:unable, unexpected, unfortunate, unusual, unfair, unforgettable, unnecessary

co- 和……一起,共同:cooperate, co-discover, co-renter, co-worker

en- 使处于……状态,使具有……特性;围住:enable, encourage, enjoy, endanger, enlarge, enrich, ensure

extra- 在……之外,超出;非常,格外:extraordinary, extra-large, extra-strong

inter- 在……之间,相互:interrupt, interview, interaction, international, internet, interval

micro- 极小的,微小的:microbiology, microphone, microscope, microwave

mini- (同类中) 特小的,微型的:minibus, minicomputer, miniskirt

multi- 多于一的,多的: multimedia, multinational, multitask

pre- 在……之前,预先:predict, prejudice, prepaid, preview

re- 再,重新:remind, remove, replace, return, review, react, reaction

tele- 远 (距离) 的;电视的;使用电话的:telephone, telescope, television, telesales

trans- 横穿,横贯;表示变化:transform, translate, transport, transportation, transplant